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Unread 01-14-2006, 10:25 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

http://myweb.wit.edu/cuffiim/robotics.wmv

http://myweb.wit.edu/cuffiim/robotics2.wmv

http://www.chiefdelphi.com/forums/sh...0&page=2&pp=15
this came up in this thread.

To say you have not seen tracks done right you have not been looking.

you will see a 6 wheel robot trying to push us. they had a six motor drivetrain

So track done right will be fast, turn quick and be very powerful
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Unread 01-14-2006, 11:11 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

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Originally Posted by Sean Schuff
Yes but can you climb the ramp AND get onto the platform that way?

...There are two options to solve this dilemma: a) tracks or wheels all along the lower drive section of your robot or b) an area between the wheels that allows for the transition from the ramp to the platform.
and a 3rd option: inertia !
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Unread 01-14-2006, 11:32 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

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Originally Posted by sanddrag
If you do it correctly, you can get away with as little as 2mm clearance for 6wd. Of course that doesn't allow for wheel wear or running over dropped bolts or anything.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Sean Schuff
Yes but can you climb the ramp AND get onto the platform that way? My guess is "no".
Guess again. You most definitely can. The trick is in carefully analyzing how the robot gets up the ramp and onto the platform. It is all in the weight distribution. If you get it right, your clearance can be next to nothing. The end that goes up the ramp first needs to be a bit heavier. We'll call the end that goes first the "front." See, when you go up the ramp, when the front wheels pass that edge between incline and flat surfaces, the idea is for them to keep going along the imaginary incline in the air and not touch down on the platform. The, once the center wheels have reached the edge between incline and platform, then you want the weight in the front to pull the front wheels wheels down (and the back wheels up off the ramp). You'll never get hung up between the front and center, or center and rear wheels, if you get the movement right. With proper weight distribution, it is very achievable.
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Unread 01-14-2006, 11:42 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by sanddrag
Guess again. You most definitely can. The trick is in carefully analyzing how the robot gets up the ramp and onto the platform. It is all in the weight distribution. If you get it right, your clearance can be next to nothing. The end that goes up the ramp first needs to be a bit heavier. We'll call the end that goes first the "front." See, when you go up the ramp, when the front wheels pass that edge between incline and flat surfaces, the idea is for them to keep going along the imaginary incline in the air and not touch down on the platform. The, once the center wheels have reached the edge between incline and platform, then you want the weight in the front to pull the front wheels wheels down (and the back wheels up off the ramp). You'll never get hung up between the front and center, or center and rear wheels, if you get the movement right. With proper weight distribution, it is very achievable.
The only problem with this strategy being that unless your wheels extend beyond the end rail of your frame, with 2mm of clearance you'll grind the edge of your frame into the ramp before the wheels contact the ramp surface
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Unread 01-15-2006, 11:13 AM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by sanddrag
It is all in the weight distribution. If you get it right, your clearance can be next to nothing.

No matter how you configure it or how you distribute the weight, you will, at some point, high side your robot without the proper ground clearance. The only thing that will keep you from STAYING high sided, as Ken pointed out, is inertia. The only thing that will accomplish what you have described is a shift-on-demand center of gravity (CG).

A six wheel design (two front, two middle, two rear) still has points in between the wheels where the frame can, and if not designed properly, will contact the transition edge from ramp to platform. 2mm of clearance will not allow for the proper clearance and your CG will not shift at the right point.

With regards to your CG you've got three realistic options: in between the front and middle wheels, directly over the middle wheels, and in between the middle and rear wheels.

If your CG is in between the front and middle wheels your robot will high side itself in between the front and middle wheels as it makes the transition from ramp to platform.

If your CG is directly above the middle wheels, as your robot moves onto the ramp it will shift back to between the middle and rear wheels until the robot is on a level surface again. As the robot transitions from the floor level playing surface to the ramp, the CG will shift to the rear of the robot. Once this happens, the CG will stay between the middle and rear wheels until it is horizontal again. Since the rear wheels will have to make the transition from ramp to platform to accomplish this, the high siding will occur between the middle and rear wheels.

If your CG is in between the middle and rear wheels, your robot will high side itself in between the middle and rear wheels as it makes the transitions from ramp to platform.

Obviously there are other variables in this equation. Ken brought up inertia as being one way to overcome the need for adequate clearance but then you need enough inertia to overcome the friction between your robot frame and the ramp/platform ridge. Another variable is going up the ramp at an angle versus perpendicular to the incline. This may allow you to lower your clearance if designed properly.

For a simple topic about tracks versus wheels this has become a very detailed discussion. I love it!

Sean
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Unread 01-15-2006, 11:19 AM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

I didnt mean inertia as in scraping your way over the edge with sparks flying everywhere

I meant as in "an object in motion tends to stay in motion (in the same direction)"

in the 2002? game, with the containers and the center ramp, teams needed to be the first ontop of the ramp in auton mode. As a result many bots were airborne as they came off the upward ramp.

THAT kind of inertia ! :^)
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Unread 01-15-2006, 12:48 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by KenWittlief
in the 2002? game, with the containers and the center ramp, teams needed to be the first ontop of the ramp in auton mode. As a result many bots were airborne as they came off the upward ramp.
that was 2003 (Stack Attack). I know of at least one robot (Crabgoat, Team 190) that had their auto mode programmed to right their robot, as it had a tendency to flip over opposing robots when going over the top. Fun to watch!
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Unread 01-15-2006, 01:02 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by KenWittlief
in the 2002? game, with the containers and the center ramp, teams needed to be the first ontop of the ramp in auton mode. As a result many bots were airborne as they came off the upward ramp.

THAT kind of inertia ! :^)
Imagine the surprise on the faces of the drivers, operators and coaches as your robot went airborne off the ramp! Sweet butta!
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Unread 01-15-2006, 01:43 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Sean Schuff
Imagine the surprise on the faces of the drivers, operators and coaches as your robot went airborne off the ramp! Sweet butta!
no surprize - if your bot is going uphill then it MUST get airborne when the angle of the ramp changes suddenly.

The question we all had to calculate was 'how airborne'. If you went fast enough it was possible to fly over the top of the ramp completely, and land on the other side.

Most bots only got a couple inches of air.
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Unread 01-15-2006, 04:54 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

so just drawing a conclusion from these answers yes treads do help if you have a shooter, it does increase ball accuracy, and it helps to get the robot up the stupid ramp that is impossible from my teams perspective.

*** writes note to tell team to use treads***
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Unread 01-15-2006, 06:17 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

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Originally Posted by gondorf
so just drawing a conclusion from these answers yes treads do help if you have a shooter, it does increase ball accuracy, and it helps to get the robot up the stupid ramp that is impossible from my teams perspective.
Don't limit yourself to just treads. They are an elegant solution to the problem if you can implement them well. I have seen quite a few teams who have done a bang-up job with treads. Just look through some of the pictures pages for past competitions and you will see what I mean. But that doesn't mean that it is the only solution to the problem. Remember, one problem, 1,000+ teams and 1,000+ different solutions to the same problem.

You can accomplish the same accuracy with wheels it just requires the appropriate implementation of them.

Good luck!
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Unread 01-15-2006, 08:24 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

Quote:
Originally Posted by KenWittlief
we were talking about tank treads that do not have idler wheels. The photos posted in this thread are the 1st bots Ive seen that do have idler wheels (the right way to use threads)

un-necessary 3 motor designs are designs that dont need 3 motors on each side -it depends on what else the drive train can do. If a bot can spin its wheels against a wall, then putting more motors on it does nothing but spin the wheels faster

and spinning the wheels faster does not give you any additional pushing force.

[Ken hides back under his desk :^) ]
but it lets you gear higher and = faster top speed. depending on how well you can control it.. but same with cars. who needs a car that goes 200mph... but people still buy because it has a high top speed. the potential. and just because they can... which we cant.. boo
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Unread 01-15-2006, 10:48 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

http://firstrobotics.uwaterloo.ca/dr...insgallery.php

Take a look around on this site to see how tank treads have been implemented over the years. Actually, this is a great resources for any part of your robot.

JT
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Unread 01-16-2006, 12:56 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

tank treads may be a good thing for a robot but they are a pain to make.

from how i tried to do it tank treads are sort of like 4 wheel drive with a chain connecting it.

my team is having trouble with just 4 wheel drive, let alone a tread
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Unread 01-16-2006, 01:02 PM
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Re: do tracks and wheels together make a better robot?

http://www.valleytech.k12.ma.us/robo.../2004VIEW5.jpg

http://www.valleytech.k12.ma.us/robo...2004track3.JPG

This is hard ? It is pretty easy to do. with BrecoFlex pulleys and timing Belt
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