Dean Kamen, Lucy Lawless, Walt Mossberg and Neal Stephenson speak at DVICE’s panel, “Science Fiction’s Influence on Technology”, at CES 2008, moderated by SCI FI Channel Executive Vice President and General Manager Dave Howe. Topics include helicopters, jet packs, Robert Heinlein, and the threat of biotechnology.
the concept you talk about is called cyborg theory. I took a class on it in college and the connections are very obvious. There are quite alot of ethical and moral issues with these topics as well at technical barriers to overcome/ avoid.
If you want to learn more I highly recommend this book:
it is a collection of articles and papers on the subject. some of it is some tough reading but it will defiantly give you an interesting perspective.