Encoders Programming

Hello my name is David and I’m tge lead programmer for FRC Team 4780 and I was wondering if anyone could tell me how to programm the 2013 KOP quadrature encoders.

Everything covered in your other thread is directly applicable.
http://www.chiefdelphi.com/forums/showthread.php?t=119184

Also you should check out the Javadoc page for the Encoder class. If you weren’t aware, you can find the Javadoc for WPILib at ‘C:\Users*username*\sunspotfrcsdk\doc\javadoc\index.html’ on any computer set up for Java development. Alternatively, here’s a link to a copy on the web. Particularly note the Encoder#get() and Encoder#getRate() methods, which give you the position and the rotation rate of the encoder respectively.

It depends on where the encoder is located (e.g. drive wheel gearbox, frisbee shooter wheel, etc) and what you are trying to accomplish with the signal (e.g. track distance in autonomous, control wheel speed, etc).

Im using them on the Toughbox Mini (am-0654) to track distance in autonomous.

Hey so I’ve been trying to get the encoders programmed on the Toughbox Mini (am-0654) but have been running into a problem. Everytime I get a distance from the encoders it goes from 0.3 to 0.0, any suggestions?

public void takeJoystickInputs(Joystick right) {
SmartDashboard.putData(“Left Encoder Distance”, leftEncoder);
SmartDashboard.putData(“Right Encoder Distance”, rightEncoder);
if ((36+((leftEncoder.getDistance()+ -rightEncoder.getDistance())/2)) > 0) {robotDrive2.arcadeDrive(right.getY(), -right.getX());}
else robotDrive2.drive(0, 0);
//robotDrive2.arcadeDrive(right.getY(), -right.getX());
}

Check the wiring of the encoders/PWMs. I know that my team has had similar issues when the PWM cables were plugged in backwards.

Also note that using the Encoder#getDistance() method requires you to have set a distance with Encoder#setDistancePerPulse(double). If you didn’t set this value, you will be getting inaccurate readings. Assuming the encoders are 360 pulses/revolution (which the kit E4Ps should be), the number you need is just the distance your robot travels in one encoder revolution divided by 360.

Hey so I’ve been trying to get the encoders programmed on the Toughbox Mini (am-0654) but have been running into a problem. Everytime I get a distance from the encoders it goes from 0.3 to 0.0, any suggestions?

public void takeJoystickInputs(Joystick right) {
SmartDashboard.putData(“Left Encoder Distance”, leftEncoder);
SmartDashboard.putData(“Right Encoder Distance”, rightEncoder);
if ((36+((leftEncoder.getDistance()+ -rightEncoder.getDistance())/2)) > 0) {robotDrive2.arcadeDrive(right.getY(), -right.getX());}
else robotDrive2.drive(0, 0);
//robotDrive2.arcadeDrive(right.getY(), -right.getX());
}

Can you draw and post a sketch of how you have it wired? Or take a couple of pictures (preferably with your camera set to “macro”).

Can you show your constructor call for the LeftEncoder and RightEncoder object?

An encoder that toggles between 0 and another value is because the software is only reading a single channel, instead of both channels. This could be because of a wiring problem or a software initialization problem (as in you hooked channel A and B to DIO 1 and 2, but told the software to use DIO 2 and 3.

Switching A & B makes the encoder count in reverse, but still counts.

public void takeEncoderInputs() {
leftEncoder.start();
rightEncoder.start();
leftEncoder.setDistancePerPulse(18.84/1620);
rightEncoder.setDistancePerPulse(18.84/1620);
leftEncoder.getDistance();
rightEncoder.getDistance();
SmartDashboard.putData(“Left Encoder Distance”, leftEncoder);
SmartDashboard.putData(“Right Encoder Distance”, rightEncoder);

None of those are the constructor for leftEncoder or rightEncoder. Look for the part where you use new.

Looking at your other thread, I see you are using the AS5145B Magnetic Encoders, not the US Digital E4Ps. According to this page, these encoders output 1024 pulses per revolution, unlike the E4Ps which are only 360 pulses/revolution.

Have you looked at this page yet? It explains how quadrature encoders work, and gives some examples of how to use the WPILib Encoder class.

The constructor call is where you create the Encoder object, usually as an instance variable of your robot class. For example, to create an Encoder with the A channel in DIO 1, the B channel in DIO 2, counting the normal direction and 4X decoding, you would use this:


Encoder myEncoder = new Encoder(1, 2, false, EncodingType.k4X);

Here’s a simple example of using encoders to drive a robot in autonomous: https://gist.github.com/DomenicP/7252269

My bad, here you go

driveTrainLeftEncoder = new Encoder(1, 1, 1, 2, false, EncodingType.k4X);
driveTrainRightEncoder = new Encoder(1, 3, 1, 4, false, EncodingType.k4X);

I’ve gone through my wiring and code several times and still can’t figure out why the encoders’ values keep resetting. It feel like I’m so close but so far away from because of this.

You haven’t yet posted how you wired it or taken any pictures, per Ether’s request.

So I have the two bare red wires to one of the grounds and the other to csn and soldered to the black which is connected to the other ground. I also have the blues connected to channel a and the yellow to channel b and red to 5v. the red and blue are in dio 1 and yellow and black are connected to dio 2.

attachments.zip (4.24 MB)


attachments.zip (4.24 MB)

I found another thread related to the magnetic encoders. You might want to look through it if you haven’t already: http://www.chiefdelphi.com/forums/showthread.php?t=111202

Also, here’s the non FIRST-specific data sheet for the sensor: http://www.ams.com/eng/content/download/50206/533867/AS5145_Datasheet_v1-15.pdf

Unfortunately I can’t see the wiring very well from the pictures provided, so I won’t be of much help there. It seems the sensor has two modes of output: absolute position, and quadrature output. For you usage, you need to make sure you wire it for quadrature output. Here’s the wiring:

Source. Attached is a sketch of what (I believe) the wiring should look like.





yep thats exactly how it is wired

^ditto that.

What part number magnet are you using?