Inventor (Autodesk programs as a whole really) is very clearly pulling a Texas Instruments* at the moment and helping develop curricula specifically tailored to their software, like PLTW’s IED. Basically anybody can claim to be a student and get an Inventor license, but Dassault Systèmes keeps everything under more control (though it’s still pretty easy for a school to get licenses). From pooling over job/internship listings, Solidworks (and other Dassault programs) show up a lot more than Inventor for MechE positions. 4201 currently runs Solidworks while the school teaches Inventor for that and a few other advantages of the software for their workflow; 330 flipped to SW after 2017 season for program features and being a relatively minor change for us.
Starting my Internship as the 11th member of a defense startup, I don’t think me and the first official MechE person even discussed which CAD software we were going to use.
The one genuine advantage I can think of is that Inventor can run okay on a system that Solidworks will have a hard time booting in, but at that point, why not Onshape?
It comes down to what makes sense for your team. If you have the hardware, I’d full send Solidworks for the potential work experience. My 1st year college CAD class in SW was a complete joke, which is usually a good sign you’re on the right path.
*side tangent: Why did your courses require a TI graphing calculator? That’s what the book used. Why did the book use that? TI worked with and paid the textbook writers to do that. Why did they do that? They actually kinda sucked compared to Casio for a long while.